Founded in 1945, the United Nations, is an international organization that has succeeded to the society of nations, whose purpose is to ensure international peace and security. It facilitates cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights.
There are currently 192 member states. Its headquarters is situated on international territory in New York in the USA. The UN is headed by the secretary-general, Ban Kimoon of South Korea, who was elected in January 2007.
The United Nations is divided into six primary bodies:
- The General Assembly where every member states are represented.
- The Economic and Social Council assists in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development.
- The Security Council which is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment ofpeacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action.
- The Secretariat which serves as a forum for member-states to discuss and resolve pressing issues in the international field through primarily diplomatic resources.
- The International Court of Justice that is its primary judicial organ.
The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.